↑ 1.01.11.21.31.4de Pínna, M.C.C. and W. Wosiacki (2003) Trichomycteridae (pencil or parasitic catfishes)., p. 270-290. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil.
↑Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2006) Catalog of fishes. Updated database version of April 2006., Catalog databases as made available to FishBase in April 2006.