Abraham Lincoln

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Abraham Lincoln
An iconic black and white photograph of a bearded Abraham Lincoln showing his head and shoulders.

Ha pwesto
March 4, 1861 – April 15, 1865
Sugbong-Mangulo Hannibal Hamlin (1861–1865)
Andrew Johnson (1865)
Gin-unahan ni James Buchanan
Ginsundan ni Andrew Johnson

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois's 7th district
Ha pwesto
March 4, 1847 – March 4, 1849
Gin-unahan ni John Henry
Ginsundan ni Thomas Harris

Ha pwesto
December 1, 1834 – 1842

Natawo Pebrero 12, 1809(1809-02-12)
Hodgenville, Kentucky, U.S.
Namatay Abril 15, 1865 (edad 56)
Petersen House,
Washington D.C., U.S.
Lugar hin pagpahuway Lincoln's Tomb, Oak Ridge Cemetery
Springfield, Illinois, U.S.
Nasodhanon American
Partido 
nga politikanhon
Whig (1834–1854)
Republican (1854–1865)
National Union (1864–1865)
(Mga) Asawa Mary Todd
Mga anak Robert Todd Lincoln
Edward Baker Lincoln
Willie Lincoln
Tad Lincoln
Propesyon Lawyer
Politician
Relihiyon See: Abraham Lincoln and religion
Pirma Cursive signature in ink
Serbisyo Militar
Service/branch Illinois Militia
Mga tuig hin pag-alagad 3 months
(April 21, 1832 – July 10, 1832)
Ranggo
  • Captain
    (April 21, 1832 – May 27, 1832)
  • Private
    (May 28, 1832 – July 10, 1832)

OBS:. Discharged from his command and re-enlisted as a Private.

Mga pag-awayan/gera Black Hawk War

Hi Abraham Lincoln (Pebrero 12, 1809 – Abril 15, 1865) amo an napulo kag-unom, nga Mangulo han Estados Unidos (Marso 4, 1861 – Abril 15, 1865).

Pinanbasaran[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

Bibliograpiya[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

Cited in footnotes[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Adams, Charles F. (April 1912). "The Trent Affair". The American Historical Review. The University of Chicago Press. 17 (3): 540–562. doi:10.2307/1834388. JSTOR 1834388.
  • Ambrose, Stephen E. (1962). Halleck: Lincoln's Chief of Staff. Louisiana State University Press. OCLC 1178496. 
  • Baker, Jean H. (1989). Mary Todd Lincoln: A Biography. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 978-0-393-30586-9. 
  • Basler, Roy Prentice, ed. (1946). Abraham Lincoln: His Speeches and Writings. World Publishing. OCLC 518824. 
  • Roy P. Basler, ed. The collected works of Abraham Lincoln (Rutgers U.P., 1953) vol 5
  • Belz, Herman (1998). Abraham Lincoln, Constitutionalism, and Equal Rights in the Civil War Era. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-1769-4. 
  • Belz, Herman (2006). "Lincoln, Abraham". Ha Frohnen, Bruce; Beer, Jeremy; Nelson, Jeffrey O (eds.). American Conservatism: An Encyclopedia. ISI Books. ISBN 978-1-932236-43-9.
  • Bennett Jr, Lerone (February 1968). "Was Abe Lincoln a White Supremacist?". Ebony. Johnson Publishing. 23 (4). ISSN 0012-9011.
  • Blue, Frederick J. (1987). Salmon P. Chase: a life in politics. The Kent State University Press. ISBN 0-87338-340-0. 
  • Boritt, Gabor (1994) [1978]. Lincoln and the Economics of the American Dream. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 0-252-06445-3. 
  • Bulla, David W.; Gregory A. Borchard (2010). Journalism in the Civil War Era. Peter Lang Publishing Inc.. ISBN 1-4331-0722-8. 
  • Carwardine, Richard J. (Winter 1997). "Lincoln, Evangelical Religion, and American Political Culture in the Era of the Civil War". Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association. Abraham Lincoln Association. 18 (1): 27–55. Ginhipos tikang han orihinal han 2009-11-24.
  • Carwardine, Richard (2003). Lincoln. Pearson Education Ltd. ISBN 978-0-582-03279-8. 
  • Cashin, Joan E. (2002). The War Was You and Me: Civilians in The American Civil War. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-09173-0. 
  • Chesebrough, David B. (1994). No Sorrow Like Our Sorrow. Kent State University Press. ISBN 978-0-87338-491-9. 
  • Cox, Hank H. (2005). Lincoln And The Sioux Uprising of 1862. Cumberland House Publisher. ISBN 978-1-58182-457-5. 
  • Cummings, William W.; James B. Hatcher (1982). Scott Specialized Catalogue of United States Stamps. Scott Publishing Company. ISBN 0-89487-042-4. 
  • Dennis, Matthew (2002). Red, White, and Blue Letter Days: an American Calendar. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-7268-8. 
  • Diggins, John P. (1986). The Lost Soul of American Politics: Virtue, Self-Interest, and the Foundations of Liberalism. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-14877-7. 
  • Dirck, Brian R. (2007). Lincoln Emancipated: The President and the Politics of Race. Northern Illinois University Press. ISBN 978-0-87580-359-3. 
  • Dirck, Brian (2008). Lincoln the Lawyer. University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-252-07614-5. 
  • Donald, David Herbert (1948). Lincoln's Herndon. A. A. Knopf. OCLC 186314258. 
  • Donald, David Herbert (1996) [1995]. Lincoln. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-82535-9. 
  • Donald, David Herbert (2001). Lincoln Reconsidered. Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-375-72532-6. 
  • Douglass, Frederick (2008). The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass. Cosimo Classics. ISBN 1-60520-399-8. 
  • Edgar, Walter B. (1998). South Carolina: A History. University of South Carolina Press. ISBN 978-1-57003-255-4. 
  • Fish, Carl Russell (October 1902). "Lincoln and the Patronage". American Historical Review. American Historical Association. 8 (1): 53–69. doi:10.2307/1832574. JSTOR 1832574.
  • Foner, Eric (1995) [1970]. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-509497-8. 
  • Foner, Eric (2010). The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery. W.W. Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-06618-0. 
  • Goodwin, Doris Kearns (2005). Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-82490-6. 
  • Goodrich, Thomas (2005). The Darkest Dawn: Lincoln, Booth, and the Great American Tragedy. Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-34567-7. 
  • Graebner, Norman (1959). "Abraham Lincoln: Conservative Statesman". The Enduring Lincoln: Lincoln Sesquicentennial Lectures at the University of Illinois. University of Illinois Press. OCLC 428674. 
  • Grimsley, Mark (2001). The Collapse of the Confederacy. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-2170-3. 
  • Guelzo, Allen C. (1999). Abraham Lincoln: Redeemer President. W.B. Eerdmans Publishing. ISBN 0-8028-3872-3. 
  • Guelzo, Allen C. (2004). Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation: The End of Slavery in America. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-2182-5. 
  • Handy, James S. (1917). Book Review: Abraham Lincoln, the Lawyer-Statesman. Northwestern University Law Publication Association. 
  • Harrison, J. Houston (1935). Settlers by the Long Grey Trail. J.K. Reubush. OCLC 3512772. 
  • Harrison, Lowell Hayes (2000). Lincoln of Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 0-8131-2156-6. 
  • Harris, William C. (2007). Lincoln's Rise to the Presidency. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-1520-9. 
  • Havers, Grant N. (2009). Lincoln and the Politics of Christian Love. University of Missouri Press. ISBN 0-8262-1857-1. 
  • Heidler, David S.; Jeanne T. Heidler, ed. (2000). Encyclopedia of the American Civil War: A Political, Social, and Military History. W. W. Norton & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-393-04758-5. 
  • Heidler, David Stephen (2006). The Mexican War. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-313-32792-6. 
  • Hofstadter, Richard (October 1938). "The Tariff Issue on the Eve of the Civil War". American Historical Review. American Historical Association. 44 (1): 50–55. doi:10.2307/1840850. JSTOR 1840850.
  • Holzer, Harold (2004). Lincoln at Cooper Union: The Speech That Made Abraham Lincoln President. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-9964-0. 
  • Jaffa, Harry V. (2000). A New Birth of Freedom: Abraham Lincoln and the Coming of the Civil War. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 0-8476-9952-8. 
  • Kelley, Robin D. G.; Lewis, Earl (2005). To Make Our World Anew: Volume I: A History of African Americans to 1880. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-804006-4. 
  • Lamb, Brian; Susan Swain, ed. (2008). Abraham Lincoln: Great American Historians on Our Sixteenth President. PublicAffairs. ISBN 978-1-58648-676-1. 
  • Lupton, John A. (September–October 2006). "Abraham Lincoln and the Corwin Amendment". Illinois Heritage. The Illinois State Historical Society. 9 (5): 34.
  • Luthin, Reinhard H. (July 1994). "Abraham Lincoln and the Tariff". American Historical Review. 49 (4): 609–629. doi:10.2307/1850218. JSTOR 1850218.
  • McClintock, Russell. Lincoln and the Decision for War: The Northern Response to Secession (2008) online
  • Mansch, Larry D. (2005). Abraham Lincoln, President-Elect: The Four Critical Months from Election to Inauguration. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-2026-X. 
  • McGovern, George S. (2008). Abraham Lincoln. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-8050-8345-3. 
  • McKirdy, Charles Robert (2011). Lincoln Apostate: The Matson Slave Case. Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-60473-987-9. 
  • McPherson, James M. (1992). Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-507606-6. 
  • McPherson, James M. (1993). Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-516895-2. 
  • McPherson, James M. (2009). Abraham Lincoln. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-537452-0. 
  • Neely, Mark E. (1992). The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties. Oxford University Press. pp. 3–31. https://www.questia.com/library/79055660/the-fate-of-liberty-abraham-lincoln-and-civil-liberties.  -->
  • Neely Jr., Mark E. (December 2004). "Was the Civil War a Total War?". Civil War History. 50 (4): 434–458. doi:10.1353/cwh.2004.0073.
  • Nevins, Allan (1947–71). Ordeal of the Union; 8 vol. Scribner's. ISBN 978-0-684-10416-4. 
    • Nevins, Allan (1950). The Emergence of Lincoln: Prologue to Civil War, 1857–1861 2 vol. Scribner's. ISBN 978-0-684-10416-4. , also published as vol 3–4 of Ordeal of the Union
    • Nevins, Allan (1960–1971). The War for the Union; 4 vol 1861–1865. Scribner's. ISBN 978-1-56852-297-5. ; also published as vol 5–8 of Ordeal of the Union
  • Nichols, David A. (2010). Richard W. Etulain. ed. Lincoln Looks West: From the Mississippi to the Pacific. Southern Illinois University. ISBN 0-8093-2961-1. 
  • Noll, Mark (2000). America's God: From Jonathan Edwards to Abraham Lincoln. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-515111-9. 
  • Oates, Stephen B. (1993). With Malice Toward None: a Life of Abraham Lincoln. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-092471-3. 
  • Paludan, Phillip Shaw (1994). The Presidency of Abraham Lincoln. University Press of Kansas. ISBN 978-0-7006-0671-9. 
  • Parrillo, Nicholas (September 2000). "Lincoln's Calvinist Transformation: Emancipation and War". Civil War History. Kent State University Press. 46 (3): 227–253. doi:10.1353/cwh.2000.0073.
  • Pessen, Edward (1984). The Log Cabin Myth: The Social Backgrounds of American Presidents. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-03166-1. 
  • Peterson, Merrill D. (1995). Lincoln in American Memory. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-509645-3. 
  • Potter, David M.; Don Edward Fehrenbacher (1976). The impending crisis, 1848–1861. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-131929-7. 
  • Prokopowicz, Gerald J. (2008). Did Lincoln Own Slaves?. Vintage Books. ISBN 978-0-307-27929-3. 
  • Randall, James G. (1947). Lincoln, the Liberal Statesman. Dodd, Mead. OCLC 748479. 
  • Randall, J.G.; Current, Richard Nelson (1955). Last Full Measure. Lincoln the President. IV. Dodd, Mead. OCLC 5852442. 
  • Sandburg, Carl (1926). Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years. Harcourt, Brace & Company. OCLC 6579822. 
  • Sandburg, Carl (2002). Abraham Lincoln: The Prairie Years and the War Years. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 0-15-602752-6. 
  • Schwartz, Barry (2000). Abraham Lincoln and the Forge of National Memory. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-74197-0. 
  • Schwartz, Barry (2009). Abraham Lincoln in the Post-Heroic Era: History and Memory in Late Twentieth-Century America. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-74188-8. 
  • Scott, Kenneth (September 1948). "Press Opposition to Lincoln in New Hampshire". The New England Quarterly. The New England Quarterly, Inc. 21 (3): 326–341. doi:10.2307/361094. JSTOR 361094.
  • Sherman, William T. (1990). Memoirs of General W.T. Sherman. BiblioBazaar. ISBN 1-174-63172-4. 
  • Simon, Paul (1990). Lincoln's Preparation for Greatness: The Illinois Legislative Years. University of Illinois. ISBN 0-252-00203-2. 
  • Smith, Robert C. (2010). Conservatism and Racism, and Why in America They Are the Same. State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-1-4384-3233-5. 
  • Steers, Edward (2010). The Lincoln Assassination Encyclopedia. Harper Collins. ISBN 0-06-178775-2. 
  • Striner, Richard (2006). Father Abraham: Lincoln's Relentless Struggle to End Slavery. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-518306-1. 
  • Tagg, Larry (2009). The Unpopular Mr. Lincoln:The Story of America's Most Reviled President. Savas Beatie. ISBN 978-1-932714-61-6. 
  • Taranto, James; Leonard Leo (2004). Presidential Leadership: Rating the Best and the Worst in the White House. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-5433-5. 
  • Tegeder, Vincent G. (June 1948). "Lincoln and the Territorial Patronage: The Ascendancy of the Radicals in the West". Mississippi Valley Historical Review. Organization of American Historians. 35 (1): 77–90. doi:10.2307/1895140. JSTOR 1895140.
  • Thomas, Benjamin P. (2008). Abraham Lincoln: A Biography. Southern Illinois University. ISBN 978-0-8093-2887-1. 
  • Trostel, Scott D. (2002). The Lincoln Funeral Train: The Final Journey and National Funeral for Abraham Lincoln. Cam-Tech Publishing. ISBN 978-0-925436-21-4. 
  • Vorenberg, Michael (2001). Final Freedom: the Civil War, the Abolition of Slavery, and the Thirteenth Amendment. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-65267-4. 
  • White, Jr., Ronald C. (2009). A. Lincoln: A Biography. Random House, Inc. ISBN 978-1-4000-6499-1. 
  • Wills, Garry (1993). Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-86742-3. 
  • Wilson, Douglas L. (1999). Honor's Voice: The Transformation of Abraham Lincoln. Knopf Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-375-70396-6. 
  • Winkle, Kenneth J. (2001). The Young Eagle: The Rise of Abraham Lincoln. Taylor Trade Publications. ISBN 978-0-87833-255-7. 
  • Zarefsky, David S. (1993). Lincoln, Douglas, and Slavery: In the Crucible of Public Debate. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-97876-5. 
  • Zilversmit, Arthur (1980). "Lincoln and the Problem of Race: A Decade of Interpretations". Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association. Abraham Lincoln Association. 2 (11): 22–24. Ginhipos tikang han orihinal han 2011-07-20.

Historiograpiya[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • Burkhimer, Michael (2003). One Hundred Essential Lincoln Books. Cumberland House. ISBN 978-1-58182-369-1. 
  • Foner, Eric (2008). Our Lincoln: New Perspectives on Lincoln and His World. W.W. Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-06756-9. 
  • Manning, Chandra, "The Shifting Terrain of Attitudes toward Abraham Lincoln and Emancipation," Journal of the Abraham Lincoln Association, 34 (Winter 2013), 18–39.
  • Smith, Adam I.P. "The 'Cult' of Abraham Lincoln and the Strange Survival of Liberal England in the Era of the World Wars," Twentieth Century British History, (Dec 2010) 21#4 pp 486–509
  • Spielberg, Steven; Goodwin, Doris Kearns; Kushner, Tony. "Mr. Lincoln Goes to Hollywood," Smithsonian (2012) 43#7 pp 46–53.

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