Alemanya Nazi

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German Reich
Deutsches Reich (1933–1943)
Großdeutsches Reich (1943–1945)

 

1933–1945
Flag (1935–45) Emblem (1935–45)
Anthem
Europe at the height of Axis success (1941–1942)
Capital Berlin
Languages German
Government Nazi single-party state
Totalitarian dictatorship
President / Führer
 -  1933–1934 Paul von Hindenburg
 -  1934–1945 Adolf Hitler[lower-alpha 2]
 -  1945 Karl Dönitz
Chancellor
 -  1933–1945 Adolf Hitler
 -  1945 Joseph Goebbels
 -  1945 (as leading minister) Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk
Legislature Reichstag
 -  State council Reichsrat
Historical era Interwar period/World War II
 -  Machtergreifung 30 January 1933
 -  Gleichschaltung 27 February 1933
 -  Anschluss 12 March 1938
 -  World War II 1 September 1939
 -  Death of Adolf Hitler 30 April 1945
 -  Surrender of Germany 8 May 1945
Area
 -  1939 [lower-alpha 3] 633,786 km² (244,706 sq mi)
Population
 -  1939 est.[1] 69,314,000 
     Density 109.4 /km²  (283.3 /sq mi)
Currency Reichsmark (ℛℳ)
Today part of  Austria
 Czech Republic
 Germany
 Poland
 Russia

An Alemanya Nazi amo an impormal nga ngaran nga ginhatag ha Alemanya han 1933 ngadto ha 1945. Amo ini an panahon nga kan Adolf Hitler partido Nazi amo an nagkakapot ha Alemanya.

Kasaysayan[igliwat | igliwat an pinagtikangan]

Gintikangan[igliwat | igliwat an pinagtikangan]

Nagkuri oraora an ekonomiya han Alemanya kahuman san World War I, tungod san san maga baraydan sini sa reparations na kinahanglan nira bayaran sigun san 1919 Treaty of Versailles. Nag-imprinta an gobyerno sin kwarta pambayad sa kanra war debt na nagresulta san hyperinflation ngan ginsundan naman san paghitaas san mga presyo san mga paraliton, economic chaos, ngan mga food riots.[2] San wara pakabayad an gobyerno san reparations sadton Enero 1923, Gin-okupahan san mga Pranses na sundalo an mga industrial na lugar san Alemanya sa ligid san Ruhr. Nagresulta ini san darako na civil unrest.[3]

Pinanbasaran[igliwat | igliwat an pinagtikangan]

  1. Statistisches Jahrbuch 2006, p. 34.
  2. Evans 2003, p. 103–108.
  3. Evans 2003, pp. 186–187.

Bibliograpiya[igliwat | igliwat an pinagtikangan]

Dugang nga barasahon[igliwat | igliwat an pinagtikangan]

  • Introduction to the Holocaust. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Ginkità dida han 12 May 2013.
  • Price, Alfred (2003). Targeting the Reich: Allied Photographic Reconnaissance over Europe, 1939–1945. London: Military Book Club. ISBN 0-7394-3496-9.
  • Tooze, Adam (2006). The Wages of Destruction: The Making and Breaking of the Nazi Economy. London; New York: Allen Lane.
  • Uekötter, Frank (2006). The Green and the Brown: A History of Conservation in Nazi Germany. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-84819-0.
  • Uekötter, Frank (2005). "Polycentrism in Full Swing: Air Pollution Control in Nazi Germany". In Brüggemeier, Franz-Josef; Cioc, Mark; Zeller, Thomas. How Green Were the Nazis?: Nature, Environment, and Nation in the Third Reich. Athens: Ohio University Press.
  • Umbreit, Hans (2003). "Hitler's Europe: The German Sphere of Power". In Kroener, Bernhard; Müller, Rolf-Dieter; Umbreit, Hans. Germany and the Second World War, Vol. 5. Organization and Mobilization in the German Sphere of Power. Part 2: Wartime Administration, Economy, and Manpower Resources, 1942–1944/5. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-820873-0.
  • van Wie, Paul D. (1999). Image, History and Politics: The Coinage of Modern Europe. Lanham, Md: University Press of America. ISBN 978-0-7618-1221-0.
  • Weale, Adrian (2010). Army of Evil: A History of the SS. New York; Toronto: Penguin Group. ISBN 978-0-451-23791-0.
  • Wedekind, Michael (2005). "The Sword of Science: German Scholars and National Socialist Annexation Policies in Slovenia and Northern Italy". In Haar, Ingo; Fahlbusch, Michael. German Scholars and Ethnic Cleansing (1920–1945). New York: Berghahn. ISBN 978-1-57181-435-7.
  • Wirtschaft und Statistik (in German) (Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland). October 1956. 
  • Zeitlin, Jonathan (1955). "Flexibility and Mass Production at War: Aircraft Manufacture in Britain, the United States, and Germany, 1939–1945". Technology and Culture 36 (1): 46–79. doi:10.2307/3106341. JSTOR 3106341. 

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | igliwat an pinagtikangan]


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