Alemanya Nazi

Tikang ha Wikipedia
Aleman nga Reich
Deutsches Reich (1933–1943)
Großdeutsches Reich (1943–1945)


Flag (1935–45) Emblem (1935–45)
Europe at the height of Axis success (1941–1942)
Capital Berlin
Languages Inaleman
Government Nazi single-party state
Totalitarian dictatorship
President / Führer
 -  1933–1934 Paul von Hindenburg
 -  1934–1945 Adolf Hitler[lower-alpha 2]
 -  1945 Karl Dönitz
 -  1933–1945 Adolf Hitler
 -  1945 Joseph Goebbels
 -  1945 (as leading minister) Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk
Legislature Reichstag
 -  State council Reichsrat
Historical era Interwar period/Ikaduha nga Gera han Kalibotan
 -  Machtergreifung 30 Enero 1933
 -  Gleichschaltung 27 Pebrero 1933
 -  Anschluss 12 Marso 1938
 -  Ikaduha nga Gera han Kalibotan 1 Septyembre 1939
 -  Kamatayan ni Adolf Hitler 30 Abril 1945
 -  Surrender of Germany 8 Mayo 1945
 -  1939 [lower-alpha 3] 633,786 km² (244,706 sq mi)
 -  1939 est.[1] 69,314,000 
     Density 109.4 /km²  (283.3 /sq mi)
Currency Reichsmark (ℛℳ)
Today part of  Austria
 Czech Republic
Warning: Value specified for "continent" does not comply

An Alemanya (nga) Nazi o kundi man Nazi nga Alemanya amo an impormal nga ngaran nga ginhatag ha Alemanya han 1933 ngadto ha 1945. Amo ini an panahon nga kan Adolf Hitler partido Nazi amo an nagkakapot ha Alemanya.

Kasaysayan[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

Gintikangan[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

Nagkuri oraora an ekonomiya han Alemanya kahuman san World War I, tungod san san maga baraydan sini sa reparations na kinahanglan nira bayaran sigun san 1919 Treaty of Versailles. Nag-imprinta an gobyerno sin kwarta pambayad sa kanra war debt na nagresulta san hyperinflation ngan ginsundan naman san paghitaas san mga presyo san mga paraliton, economic chaos, ngan mga food riots.[2] San wara pakabayad an gobyerno san reparations sadton Enero 1923, Gin-okupahan san mga Pranses na sundalo an mga industrial na lugar san Alemanya sa ligid san Ruhr. Nagresulta ini san darako na civil unrest.[3]

Pinanbasaran[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  1. Statistisches Jahrbuch 2006, p. 34.
  2. Evans 2003, p. 103–108.
  3. Evans 2003, pp. 186–187.

Bibliograpiya[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

Dugang nga barasahon[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

  • "Introduction to the Holocaust". United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Ginkuhà 12 May 2013.
  • Price, Alfred (2003). Targeting the Reich: Allied Photographic Reconnaissance over Europe, 1939–1945. London: Military Book Club. ISBN 0-7394-3496-9. 
  • Tooze, Adam (2006). The Wages of Destruction: The Making and Breaking of the Nazi Economy. London; New York: Allen Lane. 
  • Uekötter, Frank (2006). The Green and the Brown: A History of Conservation in Nazi Germany. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-84819-0. 
  • Uekötter, Frank (2005). "Polycentrism in Full Swing: Air Pollution Control in Nazi Germany". In Brüggemeier, Franz-Josef; Cioc, Mark; Zeller, Thomas. How Green Were the Nazis?: Nature, Environment, and Nation in the Third Reich. Athens: Ohio University Press. 
  • Umbreit, Hans (2003). "Hitler's Europe: The German Sphere of Power". In Kroener, Bernhard; Müller, Rolf-Dieter; Umbreit, Hans. Germany and the Second World War, Vol. 5. Organization and Mobilization in the German Sphere of Power. Part 2: Wartime Administration, Economy, and Manpower Resources, 1942–1944/5. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-820873-0. 
  • van Wie, Paul D. (1999). Image, History and Politics: The Coinage of Modern Europe. Lanham, Md: University Press of America. ISBN 978-0-7618-1221-0. 
  • Weale, Adrian (2010). Army of Evil: A History of the SS. New York; Toronto: Penguin Group. ISBN 978-0-451-23791-0. 
  • Wedekind, Michael (2005). "The Sword of Science: German Scholars and National Socialist Annexation Policies in Slovenia and Northern Italy". In Haar, Ingo; Fahlbusch, Michael. German Scholars and Ethnic Cleansing (1920–1945). New York: Berghahn. ISBN 978-1-57181-435-7. 
  • Wirtschaft und Statistik (ha German). Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt Deutschland. October 1956. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  • Zeitlin, Jonathan (1955). "Flexibility and Mass Production at War: Aircraft Manufacture in Britain, the United States, and Germany, 1939–1945". Technology and Culture. 36 (1): 46–79. doi:10.2307/3106341. JSTOR 3106341.

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | Igliwat an wikitext]

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