↑Viereck, H.L. (1917) Guide to the insects of Connecticut. Part III. The Hymenoptera, or wasp-like insects of Connecticut. Ichneumonoidea., State of Connecticut. State Geological and Natural History Survey. Bulletin No. 22(1916). Hartford. 824 pp.
↑French, G.H. (1880) Two new species of Ichneumonidae., Canadian Entomologist. 12:42-43.
↑Say, T. (1835) Descriptions of new North American Hymenoptera, and observations on some already described., Boston Journal of Natural History. 1(3):210-305.