Otto von Bismarck

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Otto von Bismarck

Ha pwesto
21 March 1871 – 20 March 1890
Monarka Wilhelm I
Friedrich III
Wilhelm II
Gin-unahan ni None (office established)
Ginsundan ni Leo von Caprivi

Ha pwesto
23 September 1862 – 1 January 1873
Monarka Wilhelm I
Gin-unahan ni Adolf of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen
Ginsundan ni Albrecht von Roon

11th Minister President of the Kingdom of Prussia
Ha pwesto
9 November 1873 – 20 March 1890
Monarka William I
Frederick III
William II
Gin-unahan ni Albrecht von Roon
Ginsundan ni Leo von Caprivi

Ha pwesto
1867–1871
Mangulo William I
Gin-unahan ni none (Confederation established)
Ginsundan ni German Empire

Ha pwesto
1862–1890
Monarka William I
Frederick III
William II
Gin-unahan ni Albrecht von Bernstorff
Ginsundan ni Leo von Caprivi

Natawo 1 Abril 1815(1815-04-01)
Schönhausen, Prussia
Namatay 30 Hulyo 1898 (edad 83)
Friedrichsruh, German Empire
Partido 
nga politikanhon
None
(Mga) Asawa Johanna von Puttkamer
Relihiyon Lutheranism
Pirma

Hi Otto Eduard Leopold, Prinsipe han Bismarck, Duke han Lauenburg, Konde han Bismarck-Schönhausen, nga natawo ha ngaran nga Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck-Schönhausen (Abril 1 1815Hulyo 30 1898), amo in Pruso ngan Aleman nga tawo-han-estado han ika-19 nga siglo. Komo Ministro-Presidente han Prusya tikang han 1862–90, hiya an nagplano han pagkausa han Alemanya. Tikang han 1867 ngan sunod, hiya an Kansilyer han Konfederasyon nga Amihanan Aleman. Han pagdeklara han ikaduha nga Imperyo Aleman han 1871, nagsirbe hiya nga amo an syahan nga Kansilyer hini, ngan nakakuha hiya han agnay nga "Puthaw nga Kansilyer".

Bibliograpiya[igliwat | edit source]

Biograpikal[igliwat | edit source]

Mga survey[igliwat | edit source]

  • Berghahn, Volker. Imperial Germany, 1871–1914 (1994)
  • Blackbourn, David (1998), The Long Nineteenth Century: A History of Germany, 1780–1918.
  • Craig, Gordon A. Germany, 1866–1945 (1978) online edition
  • Holborn, Hajo (1969), "The Constitutional Conflict in Prussia and the Early Years of the Bismarck Ministry", The History of Modern Germany 1840–1945, pp. 131–72.
  • ———————— (1969), "The Founding of the New German Empire, 1865–71", The History of Modern Germany 1840–1945, pp. 173–229.
  • ———————— (1969), "Bismarck and the Consolidation of the German Empire, 1871–90", The History of Modern Germany 1840–1945, pp. 233–97.
  • Langer, William L. European alliances and alignments, 1871–1890 (1964)
  • Retallack, James N (2008), Imperial Germany, 1871–1918.
  • Robinson, Janet, and Joe Robinson. Handbook of Imperial Germany (2009) excerpt and text search
  • Sheehan, James J. German History, 1770–1866 (1989), dense, thorough political history
  • ———————— (1978) (ebooks), German liberalism in the ninetury century, University of Chicago Press; ACLS, http://hdl.handle.net/2027/heb.01317.0001.001, behind a paywall.

Pinaurog nga pag-aram[igliwat | edit source]

  • Beck, Hermann (1995), Origins of the Authoritarian Welfare State in Prussia, 1815–1870.
  • Clark, Chester Wells. Franz Joseph and Bismarck: The Diplomacy of Austria before the War of 1866 (Harvard University Press, 1934).
  • Field, WG (October 1898), "Bismarck's First School", The Journal of Education (Oxford University Press) 20: 603–4, http://books.google.com/books?pg=PA603&id=MiwnAAAAMAAJ.
  • Goddard, Stacie E. "When Right Makes Might: How Prussia Overturned the European Balance of Power," International Security, Volume 33, Number 3, Winter 2008/09, pp. 110–42 in Project MUSE, covers 1864–71
  • Gross, Michael B (2005), The War against Catholicism: Liberalism and the Anti-Catholic Imagination in Nineteenth-Century Germany.
  • Hennock, E. P. The Origin of the Welfare State in England and Germany, 1850–1914: Social Policies Compared (Cambridge University Press, 2007) 381 pp.
  • Hennock, E. P. "Social Policy in the Bismarck Era: A Progress Report," German History, (June 2003) 21#2 pp 229–238 online
  • Howard, Michael. The Franco-Prussian War: The German invasion of France, 1870–1871 (1961) excerpt and text search
  • Kennedy, Paul M (1988), The Rise of the Anglo-German Antagonism, 1860–1914.
  • Kissinger, Henry. "The White Revolutionary: Reflections on Bismarck," Daedalus Vol. 97, No. 3, (Summer, 1968), pp. 888–924 in JSTOR
  • Lord, Robert H. "Bismarck and Russia in 1863," American Historical Review, Vol. 29, No. 1 (October 1923), pp. 2–48. in JSTOR
  • Mork, Gordon R. "Bismarck and the 'Capitulation' of German Liberalism," Journal of Modern History Vol. 43, No. 1 (Mar., 1971), pp. 59–75 in JSTOR
  • Paur, Philip. "The Corporatist Character of Bismarck's Social Policy," European History Quarterly, Oct 1981; vol. 11: pp. 427–60.
  • Ross, Ronald J (1998), The Failure of Bismarck's Kulturkampf: Catholicism and State Power in Imperial Germany, 1871–1887, The Catholic University of America Press, 219 pp.
  • Sigerist, Henry E (1999) [1943], "From Bismarck to Beveridge: Developments and Trends in Social Security Legislation", Journal of Public Health Policy (JSTOR) 20 (4): 474–96, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3343133.
  • Stone, James (1994), "Bismarck and the Containment of France, 1873–1877", Canadian Journal of History 29 (2)
  • von Strandmann, Hartmut Pogge. "Domestic Origins of Germany's Colonial Expansion under Bismarck," Past & Present No. 42 (Feb., 1969), pp. 140–59 in JSTOR
  • Waller, Bruce. Bismarck at the Crossroads. The Reorientation of German Foreign Policy after the Congress of Berlin 1878–1880 (1974)
  • Wehler, Hans-Ulrich "Bismarck's Imperialism 1862–1890" Past and Present, No. 48, August 1970. pages 119–155 online edition
  • Wetzel, David. A Duel of Giants: Bismarck, Napoleon III, and the Origins of the Franco-Prussian War (U of Wisconsin Press, 2001). 244 pp. ISBN 0-299-17490-5

Historiograpiya ngan panhinumduman[igliwat | edit source]

  • Cowen, Ron (30 January 2012), "Restored Edison Records Revive Giants of 19th-Century Germany", New York Times, http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/31/science/bismarcks-voice-among-restored-edison-recordings.html, ginkúhà dida han 31 January 2012
  • Frankel, Richard E. "From the Beer Halls to the Halls of Power: The Cult of Bismarck and the Legitimization of a New German Right, 1898–1945," German Studies Review, Vol. 26, No. 3 (Oct., 2003), pp. 543–560 in JSTOR
  • Frankel, Richard E (2005), Bismarck's Shadow. The Cult of Leadership and the Transformation of the German Right, 1898–1945, ISBN 1-84520-033-0, 222 pp.
  • Gerwarth, Robert. "Inventing the Iron Chancellor," History Today 2007 57(6): 43–49, in EBSCO
  • ———————— (2005), The Bismarck Myth: Weimar Germany and the Legacy of the Iron Chancellor, ISBN 0-19-928184-X, 216 pp.
  • Müller, Frank Lorenz (2008). "Man, Myth and Monuments: The Legacy of Otto von Bismarck (1866–1998)". European History Quarterly 38 (4): 626–36. doi:10.1177/0265691408094517. 
  • Pearce, Robert (March 2010), "The Austro-Prussian War", History Review (66).
  • Russell, Mark A. "The Building of Hamburg's Bismarck Memorial, 1898–1906," Historical Journal, Vol. 43, No. 1 (Mar., 2000), pp. 133–56 in JSTOR
  • Steefel, Lawrence D. "Bismarck," Journal of Modern History, Vol. 2, No. 1 (Mar., 1930), pp. 74–95 in JSTOR
  • Stürmer, Michael. "Bismarck in Perspective," Central European History, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1870/71 (Dec., 1971), pp. 291–331 in JSTOR
  • Urbach, Karina. "Between Saviour and Villain: 100 Years of Bismarck Biographies," Historical Journal 1998 41(4): 1141–60 in JSTOR

Panguna nga ginkuhaan[igliwat | edit source]

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | edit source]