Swiza

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Konfederasyon Swiza
Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft (Inaleman)
Confédération suisse (Frinanses)
Confederazione Svizzera (Initalyano)
Confederaziun svizra (Raeto-Romance)
Confoederatio Helvetica (CH) (Linatin)
Lema(diri-opisyal) "Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno" (Linatin)
Winaray: Usa ha ngatanan, ngatanan ha usa
Inaleman: Einer für alle, alle für einen
Frinanses: Un pour tous, tous pour un
Initalyano: Uno per tutti, tutti per uno
Rinumansh: In per tuts, tuts per in
Nasodnon nga awit"Salmo nga Swiza"
Kahamutang han  Swiza  (masirom nga lunghaw)

ha kontinente nga Europeo  (masirom nga grey)  —  [Legend]

Kapital (Pamunuan) Bern[note 1]
46°57′N 7°27′E / 46.950°N 7.450°E / 46.950; 7.450
Gidako-i nga syudad Zürich
(Mga) Opisyal nga Pinulongan German,
French,
Italian,
Romansh[1]
Demonimo Swiss
Kagamhanan Federal state, with parliamentary system and direct democracy
 -  Federal Council Moritz Leuenberger (VP 10)
Micheline Calmy-Rey
Hans-Rudolf Merz
Doris Leuthard (Pres. 10)
Eveline Widmer-Schlumpf
Ueli Maurer
Didier Burkhalter
 -  Federal Chancellor Corina Casanova
Lehislatura Federal Assembly
 -  Igbaw nga Balay Council of States
 -  Ubos nga Balay National Council
Independence
 -  Foundation date 1 August[note 2] 1291 
 -  de facto 22 September 1499 
 -  Recognized 24 October 1648 
 -  Restored 7 August 1815 
 -  Federal state 12 September 1848[2] 
Kahaluag
 -  Bug-os 41,284 nga km2 (136th)
15,940  nga kw nga mi 
 -  Katubigan nga (%) 4.2
Katawhan
 -  2009 nga banabana 7,771,600[3] (94th)
 -  2007 census 7,593,500 
 -  Densidad 188/km2 (65th)
477.4/kw nga mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 nga banabana
 -  Total $315.768 billion[4] (38th)
 -  Per capita $43,195[4] (7th)
GDP (nominal) 2008 nga banabana
 -  Total $500.260 billion[4] (21st)
 -  Per capita $68,433[4] (4th)
Gini (2000) 33.7 (medium
HDI (2007) 0.960[5] (very high) (9th)
Salapî Swiss franc (CHF)
Zona hin oras CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Namanehar ha right
Internet nga TLD .ch
Kodigo hin pagtawag +41

An Swiza o Swisa (Inaleman: die Schweiz,[note 3] Frinanses: Suisse, Initalyano: Svizzera, Rinumansh: Svizra; Kinatsila: Suiza; Iningles: Switzerland), nga an opisyal nga pagtawag Konfederasyon Swiza (Linatin: Confoederatio Helvetica, amo an pagpahalipot CH; Inaleman: Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft; Frinanses: Confédération Suisse; Initalyano: Confederazione Svizzera; Rinumansh: Confederaziun Svizra; Kinatsila: Confederación Suiza; Ininglis: Swiss Confederation), usa nga federal nga republika nga nahimo tikang hin 26 ka kanton, ngan an Bern amo an lingkoranan han mga kagamhanan federal. Nahamutang an nasod ha Katundan nga Europa,[note 4] nga diin ginsasapitan ini han Alemanya ha amihanan, han Fransya ha katundan, han Italya ha salatan, ngan han Austrya ngan Liechtenstein ha sidlangan.

Bandera Dinalikyat Canton Tikang Ulohan Katawhan[1] Kahaluag[2] Kahuot[3] Ihap han
mga munisipyo
[4]
Mga opisyal nga yinaknan
Flag of Zurich ZH Zurich 1351 Zürich 1,307,567 1,729 701 171 German
Flag of Berne BE Berne 1353 Berne 962,982 5,959 158 395 German, French
Flag of Lucerne LU Lucerne 1332 Lucerne 363,475 1,493 233 96 German
Flag of Uri UR Uri 1291 Altdorf 34,989 1,077 33 20 German
Flag of Schwyz SZ Schwyz 1291 Schwyz 141,024 908 143 30 German
Flag of Obwalden OW Obwalden (Obwald) 1291 Sarnen 33,997 491 66 7 German
Flag of Nidwalden NW Nidwalden (Nidwald) 1291 Stans 40,287 276 138 11 German
Flag of Glarus GL Glarus 1352 Glarus 38,237 685 51 25 German
Flag of Zug ZG Zug 1352 Zug 109,141 239 416 11 German
Flag of Fribourg FR Fribourg 1481 Fribourg 263,241 1,671 141 168 French, German
Flag of Solothurn SO Solothurn 1481 Solothurn 250,240 791 308 125 German
Flag of Basel-City BS Basel-Stadt (Basel-City) 1501 (part of Basel until 1833) Basel 185,227 37 5,072 3 German
Flag of Basel-Country BL Basel-Landschaft (Basel-Country) 1501 (part of Basel until 1833) Liestal 269,145 518 502 86 German
Flag of Schaffhausen SH Schaffhausen 1501 Schaffhausen 74,527 298 246 32 German
Flag of Appenzell Ausserrhoden AR Appenzell Ausserrhoden (Outer Rhodes) 1513 (part of Appenzell until 1597) Herisau / Trogen[5] 52,654 243 220 20 German
Flag of Appenzell Innerrhoden AI Appenzell Innerrhoden (Inner Rhodes) 1513 (part of Appenzell until 1597) Appenzell 15,471 173 87 6 German
Flag of St. Gallen SG St. Gallen (St. Gall) 1803 St. Gallen 465,937 2,026 222 88 German
Flag of Graubünden GR Graubünden (Grisons) 1803 Chur 188,762 7,105 26 203 German, Romansh, Italian
Flag of Aargau AG Aargau (Argovia) 1803 Aarau 581,562 1,404 388 229 German
Flag of Thurgau TG Thurgau (Thurgovia) 1803 Frauenfeld / Weinfelden[6] 238,316 991 229 80 German
Flag of Ticino TI Ticino 1803 Bellinzona 328,580 2,812 110 190 Italian
Flag of Vaud VD Vaud 1803 Lausanne 672,039 3,212 188 376 French
Flag of Valais VS Valais 1815 Sion 298,580 5,224 53 153 French, German
Flag of Neuchâtel NE Neuchâtel 1815 Neuchâtel 169,782 803 206 62 French
Flag of Geneva GE Geneva 1815 Geneva 438,177 282 1,442 45 French
Flag of Jura JU Jura 1979 (previously part of Bern) Delémont 69,555 838 82 83 French
Flag of Switzerland CH Switzerland   Bern 7,593,494 41,285 174 2,715 German, French, Italian, Romansh
  1. De jure "federal city"; de facto capital. Because of historical federalist sensibilities, Swiss law does not designate a formal capital, and some federal institutions such as courts are located in other cities.
  2. Traditional. The Federal Charter only mentions "early August" and the treaty is a renewal of an older one, now lost.
  3. An Swiza nga Inaleman nga ngaran agsob gihapon ginsusurat nga Schwyz o Schwiiz. An Schwyz amo gihapon an istandard nga Inaleman (ngan panlangyaw) nga ngaran hin usa han mga Swiza nga kanton.
  4. O kundi man Butnga nga Europa depende hit kahulogan. Kitaa an Heyograpiya han Swiza.

Mga kasarigan[igliwat | edit source]

  1. Federal Constitution, article 4, "National languages" : National languages are German, French, Italian and Romansh; Federal Constitution, article 70, "Languages", paragraph 1: The official languages of the Confederation are German, French and Italian. Romansh shall be an official language for communicating with persons of Romansh language.
  2. A solemn declaration of the Tagsatzung declared the Federal Constitution adopted on 12 September 1848. A resolution of the Tagsatzung of 14 September 1848 specified that the powers of the institutions provided for by the 1815 Federal Treaty would expire at the time of the constitution of the Federal Council, which took place on 16 November 1848.
  3. Population size and population composition. Swiss Federal Statistical Office. Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Neuchâtel: (2009). Ginkità dida han 2009-08-27.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Switzerland. International Monetary Fund. Ginkità dida han 1 October 2009.
  5. Human Development Report 2009. The United Nations. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
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