Imperyo Mongol

Tikang ha Wikipedia
Laktaw ngadto ha: paglayag, bilnga
Mongol Empire
Ikh Mongol Uls
1206–1368
Capital
Languages
Religion
Government Elective monarchy
Great Khan
 -  1206–1227 Genghis Khan
 -  1229–1241 Ögedei Khan
 -  1246–1248 Güyük Khan
 -  1251–1259 Möngke Khan
 -  1260–1294 Kublai Khan
 -  1333–1370 Toghan Temür Khan
Legislature Kurultai
History
 -  Genghis Khan proclaims
the "Great Mongolian State"
1206
 -  Death of Genghis Khan 1227
 -  Pax Mongolica 1210–1350
 -  Empire fragments 1260–1264
 -  Fall of Yuan dynasty 1368
 -  Collapse of the
Chagatai Khanate
1687
Area
 -  1279 33,000,000 km² (12,741,371 sq mi)
Currency Various [note 3]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Khamag Mongol
Tatar confederation
Khwarazmian Empire
Kara-Khitan Khanate
Jīn Dynasty
Song Dynasty
Western Xia
Abbasid Caliphate
Nizari Ismaili state
Kievan Rus'
Volga Bulgaria
Cumania
Alania
Kingdom of Dali
Kimek Khanate
Chagatai Khanate
Golden Horde
Ilkhanate
Yuan Dynasty
Mongolian Khaganate
Timurid dynasty
Anatolian Beyliks
Mamluk Sultanate
Grand Duchy of Lithuania
Kingdom of Poland
Today part of

An Imperyo Mongol amo an imperyo ha ika 13 ngan ika 14 siglo nga it teritoryo naunat tikang ha Asya pakadto ha Sidlangan Europa. Amo ini an gidadakoi nga sunodsunod nga imperyo ha kaagi han kalibutan; nga nagtikang ha pagtarampo han mga tribo Mongol ngan Turkiya ha kabag-ohan nga Mongolia, nga dumako tungod hin mga pagsakop, kahuman hi Genghis Khan natawag nga tagapamuno han tanan nga Mongo ha 1206. Ha gihahataasi nga ginabut han mga Mongol, naunat ini tikang ha Danube ngado ha Dagat han Hapoon ngan tikang ha Artiko pakadto ha Camboja, nga ha tanan mayda 33.0 ka ribo o milyones km² (ha 1279), katlima (1/5) han tuna han Kalibutan, nga nasakop han 100 ka ribo adto nga panahon.

Pinanbasaran[igliwat | edit source]

Mga pagkukuhaan[igliwat | edit source]

  • Allsen, Thomas T. (1987). Mongol Imperialism: The Policies of the Grand Qan Möngke in China, Russia, and the Islamic Lands, 1251-1259. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0520055278.
  • Allsen, Thomas T. (2004). Culture and conquest in Mongol Eurasia. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-60270-9.
  • Amitai-Preiss, Reuven (1995). Mongols and Mamluks: The Mamluk-Ilkhanid War, 1260–1281. Cambridge, UK; New York, USA: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-46226-6.
  • Atwood, Christopher P. (2004). Encyclopedia of Mongolia and the Mongol Empire. New York, USA: Facts on File, Inc.. ISBN 0-8160-4671-9.
  • Barfield, Thomas Jefferson (1992). The perilous frontier: nomadic empires and China. Blackwell. ISBN 978-1-55786-324-9.
  • Burgan, Michael (2005). Empire of the Mongols. New York, USA: Infobase Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4381-0318-1.
  • Diamond, Jared (1997). Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies. New York, USA: W. W. Norton & Co.. ISBN 978-0393317558.
  • Finlay, Robert (2010). The Pilgrim Art: Cultures of Porcelain in World History. Berkeley, California, USA: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-24468-9.
  • Foltz, Richard C. (1999). Religions of the Silk Road: Overland Trade and Cultural Exchange from Antiquity to the Fifteenth Century. New York, USA: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-23338-8.
  • Franke, Herbert (1994). Twitchett, Denis; Fairbank, John King. ed. Alien Regimes and Border States, 907-1368. 6. Cambridge, UK; New York, USA: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-24331-5.
  • Grousset, Rene (1970). The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia (translated from French by Naomi Walford).. New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA: Rutgers University Press.
  • Halperin, Charles J. (1985). Russia and the Golden Horde: The Mongol Impact on Medieval Russian History. Bloomington, Indiana, USA: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-20445-3.
  • Howorth, Henry H. (1965 (reprint of London edition, 1876)). History of the Mongols from the 9th to the 19th Century: Part I: The Mongols Proper and the Kalmuks. New York, USA: Burt Frankin.
  • Hull, Mary. (1997). The Mongol Empire (World History Series). Greenhaven Press. ISBN 978-1560063124.
  • Jackson, Peter (1978). "The dissolution of the Mongol Empire". Central Asiatic Journal. XXXII: 208–351. 
  • Jackson, Peter (2003). The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History. Cambridge, UK; New York, USA: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-54329-0.
  • Jackson, Peter (2005). The Mongols and the West: 1221–1410. Harlow, UK; New York, USA: Longman. ISBN 978-0-582-36896-5.
  • Lane, George (2006). Daily life in the Mongol empire. Westport, Connecticut, USA: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-33226-5.
  • Man, John (2004). Genghis Khan: Life, death and resurrection. New York, USA: Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 978-0-312-36624-7.
  • Man, John (2007). Kublai Khan: from Xanadu to superpower. Bantam Books. ISBN 978-0-553-81718-8.
  • Morgan, David (June 1989). "The Mongols and the Eastern Mediterranean: Latins and Greeks in the Eastern Mediterranean after 1204". In Arbel, B.; et al. Mediterranean Historical Review (Tel Aviv, Illinois, USA: Routledge) 4 (1): 204. doi:10.1080/09518968908569567. ISSN 0951-8967. 
  • Morgan, David (2007). The Mongols (2nd ed.). Malden, Massachusetts, USA; Oxford, UK; Carlton, Victoria, Australia: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4051-3539-9.
  • Prawdin, Michael (pseudonym for Charol, Michael) (1940/1961). Mongol Empire. New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA: Collier-Macmillan Canada. ISBN 1-4128-0519-8.
  • Ratchnevsky, Paul (1993). Haining, Thomas Nivison (translator). ed. Genghis Khan: His Life and Legacy. Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-0631189497.
  • Rossabi, Morris (1983). China Among Equals: The Middle Kingdom and Its Neighbors, 10th–14th Centuries. Berkeley, California, USA: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-04383-9.
  • Sanders, Alan J. K. (2010). Historical Dictionary of Mongolia. Lanham, Maryland, USA: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-6191-6.
  • Saunders, John Joseph (2001). The history of the Mongol conquests. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA: University of Pennsylvania Press. ISBN 978-0-8122-1766-7.
  • Rybatzki, Volker (2009). The Early Mongols: Language, Culture and History. Indiana University. ISBN 978-0933070578.
  • Sverdrup, Carl (November 2010). "Numbers in Mongol Warfare". In Rogers, Clifford J.; DeVries, Kelly; France, John. Journal of Medieval Military History. 8. Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK: Boydell & Brewer. ISBN 978-1-84383-596-7. http://books.google.com/?id=4jHEwSc2gEMC&pg=PA109&dq=devries+mongols#v=onepage&q&f=false.
  • Vladimortsov, Boris (1969). The Life of Chingis Khan. B. Blom.
  • Weatherford, Jack (2004). Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World. New York, USA: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 0-609-80964-4.

Padugang nga barasahon[igliwat | edit source]

  • Brent, Peter. The Mongol Empire: Genghis Khan: His Triumph and his Legacy. Book Club Associates, London. 1976.
  • Buell, Paul D. (2003). Historical Dictionary of the Mongol World Empire. The Scarecrow Press, Inc.. ISBN 0-8108-4571-7.
  • May, Timothy. "The Mongol Art of War." Westholme Publishing, Yardley. 2007. ISBN 978-1-59416-046-2 / ISBN 1-59416-046-5
  • May, Timothy. The Mongol Conquests in World History (Reaktion Books, distributed by University of Chicago Press; 2012) 319 pages
  • Rossabi, Morris. The Mongols: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0199840892

Mga sumpay ha gawas[igliwat | edit source]


Cite error: <ref> tags exist for a group named "note", but no corresponding <references group="note"/> tag was found, or a closing </ref> is missing